The Somali language is one of the oldest in the world and was first recorded around 1500 BC. The earliest written texts were compiled by Diriye Abdullahi, a Ph.D. student at the University of Montreal. Other sources include the Somali grammar published by Berchem, Jorg, and Saeed, John Ibrahim (published 1987 and 1999).
These books help readers learn the language. However, the current lexicon is based on the older language of Mogadishu and other dialects.
The Somali language consists of syllables and roots. Each syllable has a single or two syllable. It contains five distinct vowel phonemes, although the exact number varies from dialect to dialect.
The length of the vowel determines its meaning. Short vowels are represented by a double-vowel; long vowels are marked by a double-vowel.
The Somali language is divided into three major dialects: Benaadir, Af-Maay and Standard. The latter is the official language of Somalia. It is widely spoken in the majority regions of the country.
It is used in education, government, and the media. The linguistic diversity in Somalia is wide-ranging, and many radio stations broadcast their programs in Somali.
In addition, the languages of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti are spoken by ethnic minorities.
The Somali language has 24 consonants, compared to three in Oromo. In terms of pronunciation, the /d’ is pronounced with the tip of the tongue curled against the roof of the mouth. The retroflex stop /d’ is similarly pronounced, although it may have an implosive quality in some dialects. The /h/, /G’ and X/H do not have equivalents in English.
Until 1973, Somali was the official language of the government. Despite its linguistic heritage, the Somali language has a diverse cultural history.
The country has long been a major center of ethnic conflict, with many sub-ethnic groups and dialects competing for power. While the language of northern and southern Somalia has a history of conflict and division, the modern version of this tongue has a long and complex past.
The Somali language is a rich source of poetry, a genre of the language with numerous genres and meters. Popular Somali poetry is performed by local singers and is accompanied by a powerful musical tradition.
As a result, the Somali language is a linguistically complex and highly unique language. Its culture is also home to a variety of cultural traditions. The people of the Horn of Africa are among the most culturally diverse in the world and have a diverse array of languages.
The Somali language has undergone three major phases since independence. There has been a period of writing research and development. Literacy campaigns have been conducted to increase literacy.
After unification, the Somali government created the Somali language Commission to select an acceptable writing system. The commission also worked with the UNESCO to find a suitable script for the nation. Initially, the report considered different transcriptions of Latin, but political factions prevented a final decision.